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Basics of Computers Types of OS

Basics of Computers Types of OS

Because computers and computing technologies have developed over the years, their use in other areas has grown. More and more customized applications have entered the market to fulfill growing demands. Since every software needs an operating system to function, operating systems have also evolved over the years to meet the increasing demand for their strategies and capabilities. Here we discuss some different categories of operating systems focused on their working strategies and also some popularly used OS.

GUI OS

Graphical User Interface is the acronym for GUI. An operating system that provides an interface composed of graphics and icons is called a GUI OS. GUI OS is really simple to use and utilize because users do not need to be informed of commands to execute any function. Examples of GUI operating systems cover Windows, macOS, Ubuntu, etc.

Time Sharing OS

Operating systems that plan operations for the optimal usage of resources are considered time-sharing operating systems. Operating systems utilize time-sharing, or multitasking, while multiple users located at various terminals need processor time to complete their tasks. Some scheduling techniques, such as round-robin scheduling and shortest next scheduling function, are utilized by OS time-sharing.

Real Time OS

An operating system that guarantees that live events or data are handled and the results are transmitted within a given time frame is considered an real-time OS. It may be a single task or multitasking.

Distributed OS

An operating system that handles several computers but provides a single computer interface to the consumer is called a distributed OS. Such kinds of Software is needed when a single computer can not fulfill computational requirements, and more systems need to be used. User interaction is restricted to a single system; it is the OS which distributes work to multiple systems and then introduces the consolidated output as if one computer has been operating on the problem at hand.

Popular Operating Systems

Computers originally had no operating systems. Each program required complete hardware requirements to operate correctly because the programs themselves had to do the cpu , memory, and system management. Nevertheless, operating systems became essential as advanced equipment and more complicated application programs evolved. The business for standard operating system increased as personal computers became common among individuals and small businesses. Let's look at some of the operating systems currently common–

  • Windows − Windows is a GUI operating system which Microsoft first created in 1985. The most current Windows update is Windows 10. Nearly 88 per cent of PCs and laptops worldwide utilize Windows
  • Linux − Linux is an open source operating system that is primarily used for supercomputers using mainframes. Being open source ensures that the programming is accessible free of charge so anybody may create a new operating system based on it.
  • BOSS − Bharat Operating System Solutions is a Debian-based, Indian Linux system, an OS. This is centralised to enable standard Indian languages to be included. BOSS is made of–

Linux kernel

Office application suite BharteeyaOO

Web browser

Email service Thunderbird

Chat application Pidgim

File sharing applications

Multimedia applications

Mobile OS

The operating system is called the Mobile OS for smartphones, tablets, and other mobile devices. Many of the more common mobile app operating systems include−

  • Android − This Linux-based Linux OS is actually the most common smartphone OS. This is used by approximately 85 percent of mobile users.
  • Windows Phone 7 − This is Microsoft's new Mobile OS.
  • Apple iOS − This mobile OS is an Apple OS developed exclusively for its own handheld devices such as iPhone, iPad and so on
  • Blackberry OS − It is the operating system utilized for both mobile devices such as smartphones and playbooks on blackberry.