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PHP $ and $$ Variables

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Difference Between $var and $$var in PHP

$$var uses the value of the variable whose name is the value of $var.

It means $$var is known as reference variable where as $var is normal variable.
It allows you to have a “variable’s variable” – the program can create the variable name the same way it can create any other string. .

Eg i

Output
Rajeev
Sanjeev
Sanjeev

In the above example
$name is just a variable with string value=”Rajeev”.
$$name is reference variable . $$name uses the value of the variable whose name is the value of $name.
echo $name print the value: rajeev

echo $$name print the value:Sanjeev \ value of this($name) variable is act as reference of second variable($$name).

echo $rajeev print the value :Sanjeev \ Here $rajeev is also act as reference variable.


Eg ii

Output
100
200
200

In the above example
You first assign the value of a variable, ($x) as the name of another variable.
When you set $x to a value, it will replace that variable name with the value of the variable you provide.
variable $x hold value = 100.
$$x(reference variable) hold value = 200. now we want to print the value.
echo $x gives output:100
echo $$x gives output:200.
echo $100 gives value.200. because it also act as a reference variable for value = 200.


Eg iii

Output
Rajeev
Sanjeev
Sanjeev


Eg iv

Output
Ravi
Ranjan
Rexx

In the above example
variable $name hold value =”ravi”
variable ${ $name } hold value =”Ranjan” // it also declare like ${Ravi}.
variable ${$ {$name} } hold value =”Rexx” // it act as “variable’s of variable of variable” reference.
echo $name show output:ravi
echo ${ $name } show output:Ranjan.
echo ${ $ {$name} } show output :Rexx